Hazardous waste is that waste which has potential to degrade the public health and the environment as well. Hazardous waste possesses one or more of the following hazardous properties: Ignitability, Reactivity, toxicity, explosive etc.
Hazardous wastes can be seen in different physical states such as gaseous, liquids, or solids. A hazardous waste is a different type of waste because it cannot be disposed of by common means like other waste. The treatment of hazardous Waste depends upon the hazardous property a substance exhibit.
According to Hazardous Waste Rules (Management and Transboundary Movement), 2016. Hazardous waste means any kind of waste which by reason of any of its property such as physical, chemical, biological can cause danger or is likely to cause danger to living being & environment, whether alone or in contact with other substances.
What is the Need for These Rules?
Hazardous Waste Management Rules are notified to ensure safe handling, generation, processing, treatment, package, storage, transportation, use, reprocessing, collection, and offering for sale, destruction and disposal of Hazardous Waste.
These Rules came into frame in the year 1989 and have been amended later in the years 2000, 2003 and with final notification of the Hazardous Waste (Management, Handling and Transboundary Movement) Rules, 2016 in supersession of former notification.
The Rules lay down emphasis on corresponding responsibility of every person who is engaged in collection, storage, packaging, transportation, use, treatment, processing, recycling, recovery, pre-processing, co-processing, utilization, offering for sale, transfer or disposal of the hazardous and other wastes and various authorities that are involved in the process of granting authorization for Hazardous Waste such as MoEF, CPCB, State/UT Govt., SPCBs/PCCs, DGFT, Port Authority and Custom Authority.